To optimize the women’s fertility, taking better care of their bodies is good first step. But what else can the women do to improve odds of having baby?
The most important advice for woman who wants to get pregnant is to get to know her body, specifically the menstrual cycle.
It’s important to know how far apart the cycles are so you can more accurately time intercourse to try to get pregnant.
The 10 tips that help increase a healthy woman’s chances of become pregnant.
1. Record menstrual cycle
A woman who wants to have a baby should monitor whether first days of her periods tend to come the same number of days apart every month. Conversely, her periods may be irregular, meaning the cycle lengths vary from the month to month. By tracking this information on the calendar, a woman can better predict when she might be ovulating, which is time when her ovaries will release egg every month.
A woman’s egg is fertile for only about 12 to 24 hours after its release. However, a man’s sperm can survive in the woman’s body for up to five days.
2. Monitor ovulation
Women with the regular cycles ovulate about two weeks before arrival of their periods. It’s harder to predict the ovulation in women with the irregular cycles, but it usually occurs 12 to 16 days before start of her next period.
There are several methods the women can use to help determine their most fertile days each month.
Home ovulation-prediction kits can take some of guesswork out of figuring out when the woman is ovulating. The kits test urine for the luteinizing hormone, a substance whose levels increase each month during the ovulation and cause ovaries to release an egg. The three days right after positive test result are best time for couples to have sex to increase the odds of becoming pregnant.
Just before ovulation when the woman is most fertile, amount of mucus from vagina increases and it also becomes thinner, clearer and more slippery. When the cervical mucus becomes more slippery, it can help the sperm make its way to egg.
A study found that the women who checked their cervical mucus consistently were 2.3 times more likely to get pregnant over the six-month period.
3. Have sex during the fertile window
The fertile window spans a six-day interval, five days prior to the ovulation and the day of it. These are days each month when a woman is most fertile.
Some women are turning to the new technology tools, such as the fertility tracking apps and the websites, to help them keep the tabs on when they may be more likely to conceive, but a study done in 2016 suggests apps may not be that accurate.
Research has shown that there hasn’t been a very big difference in the pregnancy rates between the couples who had the sex every day during the fertile window compared with the couples who did it every other day and having sex every other day might be easier for a couple to pull off.
4. Strive healthy body weight
Being too heavy can reduce the woman’s odds of conceiving, but being too thin can make it even harder to have the baby.
Research has shown that the woman who is very much overweight can take twice as long to become pregnant than the woman whose BMI is considered very normal. A woman who is very much underweight might take four times as long to conceive.
Having too much body fat produces the excess estrogen, which can interfere with the ovulation. Losing 5 to 10 percent of the body weight before woman starts trying to get pregnant could improve the fertility.
A study done in 2017 found that the couples in which both partners are obese may take from 55 to 59 percent longer to become pregnant, compared with the couples who are not obese.
Women who are too thin might not be getting the regular periods or could stop ovulating.
5. Take prenatal vitamin
Women who are attempting to conceive start taking the prenatal vitamin even before becoming pregnant. This way the woman can find one that’s more agreeable to her system and stay on it during pregnancy.
Another possibility is to take a daily multivitamin, as long as it contains at least about 400 micrograms (mcg) per day of folic acid, a B vitamin that’s important for preventing the birth defects in a baby’s brain and spine.
The Centers for the Disease Control and the Prevention urges women to take about 400 mcg of the folic acid every day for at least one month before getting pregnant to help prevent the birth defects in babies.
6. Eat healthy foods
Although there is no particular or a specific fertility-promoting diet, eating a variety of the healthy good foods can help prepare the woman’s body for the pregnancy by giving her the adequate stores of the critical and various nutrients such as the calcium, protein and iron. This means eating a variety of fruits and the vegetables, lean protein, whole grains, dairy and healthy sources of the fat.
Besides taking the supplement containing the folic acid, a woman can also obtain this form of B vitamin from the foods such as the dark green leafy vegetables, broccoli, fortified breads and cereals, beans, citrus fruits and good orange juice.
When trying to get pregnant, eat lower the amounts of high-mercury fish, such as the swordfish, shark, king mackerel, and tilefish. And limit the albacore (white) tuna to 6-ounces per week to reduce exposure to the toxic metal, as per the Food and Drug Administration recommends.
Consuming more than 500 milligrams of the caffeine a day has been linked with the decrease in fertility in women. Having 1 to 2 cups of coffee, or less than 250 mg of caffeine, per day before becoming pregnant appears to have no impact on likelihood of conception as per research.
7. Cut off strenuous workouts
Being physically active most days of week can help woman’s body prepare for demands of pregnancy and labor. But getting too much the exercise or doing frequent strenuous workouts could interfere with the ovulation.
Doctors see a lot of menstrual disturbances in the women and who exercise heavily, and a lot of times these women need to cut back workouts if they want to be pregnant soon.
8. Be aware of age-related fertility
As women get older their fertility decreases because of age related changes in ovaries that cause decline in quantity and quality of her eggs.
With the advancing age of the women, there’s also increased risk for some of the various health problems, that are related to the reproductive system such as uterine fibroid’s, the endometriosis and blockage of the fallopian tubes, which can cause and contribute to loss of fertility.
There’s a gradual fertility decline in the women beginning in their 30s, a sharper decline after age 37 and a steep decline after age 40. These declines mean that it may take longer to become pregnant for a women.
9. Kick the smoking and drinking
Smoking can lead to fertility problems in women and men. Chemicals found in the cigarette smoke, such as the nicotine and the carbon monoxide, speed up loss rate of a woman’s eggs.
Smoking ages a woman’s ovaries and depletes her supply of the eggs prematurely.
It’s also good idea for the women to stay away from secondhand smoke, which may affect the chances of becoming pregnant. Marijuana and various recreational drug use should also be avoided while trying to conceive.
It’s safest for woman to avoid alcohol when she is hoping to become pregnant. A woman should stop consuming alcohol if she stops using birth control because she wants to get pregnant.
The 2017 study found that about more than the half of the pregnant women in the United States America drink good amount of the alcohol around time they become pregnant or in their very early pregnancy, usually before they know they are expecting a child.
Drinking alcohol at moderate (that is two drinks per day) or heavy levels (more than two drinks per day) can make it difficult for woman to get pregnant
10. Know when to seek help
Both the woman and the man should consider having their infertility evaluation as soon as possible if the woman is around 35 or older in age and has not become pregnant after the six months of having the sex regularly without using birth control.
A woman who is under 35 of age and her partner should consult the fertility specialist if she has failed to become pregnant after one year of having the unprotected intercourse on a regular basis.
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