Health Research News

Plants Are Infecting Humans With Super Bugs!

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria (super bugs) could be transmitted to humans through consumption of plant foods, which may pose health risks for the general public, according to a study unveiled on June 22, 2019

Plants are infecting humans with super bugs !!

Plant-based foods can transmit antibiotic resistance (super bugs) to the microbes living in our gut, a study has found.

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria (super bugs) could be transmitted to humans through consumption of plant foods, which may pose health risks for the general public, according to a study unveiled on June 22, 2019

Unlike the outbreaks of diarrhea illnesses and other serious health issues caused immediately after humans eat contaminated vegetables, the antibiotic-resistant bacteria can hide in the human intestines for months or even years before they cause an illness such as a urinary infection, said the study.

About two million cases of antibiotic-resistant infections occur every year in the United States and 20 per cent of them are linked to agriculture, according to the estimates of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

What is antibiotic resistance?

Antibiotic resistance is one of the major and biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today

Antibiotics are the medicines which are used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines, in order to escape itself from getting killed.

These bacteria( super bugs) may infect humans and animals, and the infections they cause are harder to treat than those caused by non-resistant bacteria.

This Antibiotic resistance can lead to higher medical costs, and prolonged hospital stays, and increased mortality.

Researchers have now shown how plant-foods serve as vehicles for transmitting antibiotic resistance to the gut microbiome.

The study done by University of Southern California, on a mouse model, with the use of lettuce.
They grew lettuce, exposed the lettuce to antibiotic-resistant E Coli( bacteria), fed it to the mice and analyzed their fecal samples over time.
Their findings include :
“Our findings highlight the importance of tackling food-borne antibiotic-resistance from a complete food chain perspective that includes plant-foods in addition to meat,” said Marlène Maeusli, a Ph.D. candidate at Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, who is the lead author on the study.
“We found differences in the ability of bacteria to silently colonize the gut after ingestion, depending on a variety of host and bacterial factors,” said Maeusli. “We mimicked antibiotic and antacid treatments, as both could affect the ability of super-bugs to survive the passage from the stomach to the intestines.”

CONCLUSION:

The new study has shown that the antibiotic resistance has been linked to the plants containing foods we consume. This is due to the improper maintenance of the hygiene and the cleanliness of the food we cook. These antibiotic-resistant bacteria called superbugs can remain silent in the human body for many months or years, and later can cause various health hazards that are difficult to be treated. The antibiotic resistance has been growing day to day, leading to higher medical costs, and prolonged hospital stays, and increased mortality.

Self life hacks

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